The Role of membranes in metabolic regulation proceedings of a symposium held at the University of Nebraska Medical School, Omaha, Nebraska, May 8-9, 1972.

Cover of: The Role of membranes in metabolic regulation |

Published by Academic Press in New York .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Metabolism -- Regulation -- Congresses,
  • Cell membranes -- Congresses

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Book details

StatementEdited by Myron A. Mehlman [and] Richard W. Hanson.
SeriesSymposia on metabolic regulation
ContributionsMehlman, Myron A., ed., Hanson, Richard W., ed.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQP171 .R63 1972
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 427 p.
Number of Pages427
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5305548M
ISBN 100124878407
LC Control Number72088344

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The Role of Membranes in Metabolic Regulation is the second volume in a series of in-depth reviews of specific areas of metabolic regulation. This volume is based on the symposium on The Role of Membranes in Metabolic Regulation held. The Role of Membranes in Metabolic Regulation is the second volume in a series of in-depth reviews of specific areas of metabolic regulation.

This volume is based on the symposium on The Role of Membranes in Metabolic Regulation held at the University of Nebraska Medical Edition: 1. Genre/Form: Electronic books Congresses: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Mehlman, Myron.

Role of Membranes in Metabolic Regulation. Burlington: Elsevier Science, © The important Third Edition of this successful book conveys a modern and integrated picture of metabolism and metabolic regulation. Explaining difficult concepts with unequalled clarity, author Keith Frayn provides the reader with an essential guide to the subject.

Role of membranes in metabolic regulation. New York, Academic Press, (OCoLC) Online version: Role of membranes in metabolic regulation. New York, Academic Press, (OCoLC) Online version: Role of membranes in metabolic regulation.

New York, Academic Press, (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference. They represent a major storage form of energy, they constitute essential structural components of membranes, they are used to modify and regulate the properties of many proteins through direct covalent linkage, and they perform important roles as signaling molecules in metabolic regulation.

Central role of mitochondria in metabolic regulation of liver pathophysiology Article Literature Review in Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 22 Suppl 1(s1):S Author: Nobuhiro Sato.

There is a growing awareness that pregnancy can set the foundations for an array of diverse medical conditions in the offspring, including obesity. A wide assortment of factors, including genetic, epigenetic, lifestyle, and diet can influence foetal outcomes. This article reviews the role of melatonin in the prenatal modulation of offspring obesity.

Gut microbiota play an important role in maintaining intestinal health and are involved in the metabolism The Role of membranes in metabolic regulation book carbohydrates, lipids, and amino acids.

Recent studies have shown that the central nervous system (CNS) and enteric nervous system (ENS) can interact with gut microbiota to regulate nutrient metabolism. The vagal nerve system communicates between the CNS and.

Increasing the complexity of this metabolic regulation, 2HG can also replace αKG as co-substrate for a subset of these dioxygenases (Koivunen et al., ). These findings illustrate how multiple aspects of metabolism can influence αKG-dependent dioxygenase enzyme activity and have effects on cell physiology, including promotion of by:   Introduction.

One of the surprises in redox biology was the relatively recent appreciation of hydrogen peroxide as a messenger molecule. It is now widely accepted that this low molecular weight molecule is utilized in metabolic regulation in ways similar to diffusible gases such as NO, CO, or H 2 S.

Even more so, H 2 O 2 is recognized as being in the forefront of Cited by: Metabolic Engineering of Plants: The Role of Membrane Transport Article Literature Review in Metabolic Engineering 4(1) February with 21 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Title:Role of Free Fatty Acid Receptor 2 (FFAR2) in the Regulation of Metabolic Homeostasis VOLUME: 16 ISSUE: 7 Author(s):Sameer Mohammad Affiliation:Department of Experimental Medicine, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Keywords:Free fatty acid receptors, gut microbiota, insulin resistance, metabolic homeostasis, Cited by: 6. The in Vivo Role of Cellular Ca2+ Pumps in Metabolic Regulation Role of Guanine Nucleotide Regulatory Proteins and Inositol Phosphates in the Hormone Induced Mobilization of Hepatocyte Calcium Peter F.

Blackmore, Christopher J. Lynch, Ronald J. Uhing, Thomas Fitzgerald, Stephen B. Bocckino, John H. Exton. Membranes can be permeable or semi-permeable which allows the flow of nutrients, fluids, wastes (cell metabolism byproducts), and The Role of membranes in metabolic regulation book messengers to be transported into and/ or out of the cell.

In cells with nuclei, there is an internal nuclear membrane that is very similar in structure to the external cell membrane. Metabolism (/ m ə ˈ t æ b ə l ɪ z ə m /, from Greek: μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical reactions in three main purposes of metabolism are: the conversion of food to energy to run cellular processes; the conversion of food/fuel to building blocks for proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and some carbohydrates; and the elimination of.

Functional Metabolism of Cells is the first comprehensive survey of metabolism, offering an in-depth examination of metabolism and regulation of carbohydrates, lipids, and amino acids.

It provides a basic background on metabolic regulation and adaptation as well as the chemical logic of metabolism, and covers the interrelationship of metabolism to life processes 5/5(5). Biological membranes and their role in energy metabolism, regulation of metabolism by hormones and other factors.

This course aims to illustrate the pivotal role of biological membranes in the cell physiology of prokaryotes and eukaryotes, including both. This book provides a concise description of the metabolic pathways by which lipids of animal and plant membranes are formed.

The book emphasizes modulation of these pathways by hormones, diet, environmental stress, and other factors. This new edition is. Metabolic diseases are associated with nutrient excess and metabolic inflexibility.

Mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum are important organelles and nutrient sensors, and their dysfunction has been extensively and independently implicated in metabolic diseases.

Both organelles interact at sites known as mitochondria-associated membranes (MAMs), in order to exchange Cited by: S Chapter 15 Principles of Metabolic Regulation (b) G RT ln K eq (RT at 25 C kJ/mol) ln K eq G /RT ( kJ/mol)/( kJ/mol) Keq e (c) Because Keq is much greater than Q, it is clear that the PFK-1 reaction does not approach equilibrium in vivo, and thus the product of the reaction, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, doesFile Size: KB.

Explain the role of cholesterol in membranes in maintaining optimum membrane fluidity. State two categories of membrane proteins.

Describe the amphipathic nature of integral membrane proteins. The enzymes which form the metabolic pathways are subject to multiple levels of regulation, where the transcriptional regulation may play the important role for metabolic regulation.

Although its relevance might have been overemphasized [ 4 ], it is important to understand the regulatory processes that govern the cellular by: It is a general rule of metabolic regulation that pathways are regulated at the first committed committed step is the one after which the substrate has only one way to go.

Because glycolytic intermediates feed into several other pathways, the regulation of glycolysis occurs at more than one point. Non Technical Summary Problems generated by environmental stressors in estuarine habitats have contributed to the decline of many commericially important organisms.

We hypothesize that adaptive mechanisms such as those regulating metabolic activities due to normal fluctuation's in DO are skewed or otherwise altered by increases in prolonged exposure to low DO and by the. In biochemistry, a metabolon is a temporary structural-functional complex formed between sequential enzymes of a metabolic pathway, held together both by non-covalent interactions and by structural elements of the cell, such as integral membrane proteins and proteins of the cytoskeleton.

The formation of metabolons allows the intermediate product from one enzyme. Abstract. As in all living organisms, survival in C. elegans requires adequate management of energy supplies. Genetic screens have revealed that C. elegans fat regulation involves a complex network of genes with known or likely functions in food sensation, neuroendocrine signaling, uptake, transport, storage and utilization of fats.

Core fat and sugar metabolic pathways are. Protons dissociated from organic acids in cells are partly buffered. If not, they are transported to the extracellular fluid through the plasma membrane and buffered in circulation or excreted in urine and expiration gas.

Several transporters including monocarboxylate transporters and Na + /H + exchanger play an important role in uptake and output of protons across plasma Cited by:   Chapter 19 Regulation of Metabolism eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader.

(An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is. Regucalcin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RGN gene.

The protein encoded by this gene is a highly conserved, calcium-binding protein, that is preferentially expressed in the liver, kidney and other tissues.

It may have an important role in calcium s in rats indicate that this protein may also play a role in aging, as it shows age-associated down Aliases: RGN, GNL, HEL-S, RC, SMP30, regucalcin. Metabolic Pathways, Third Edition: Metabolic Transport, Volume VI investigates membrane transport and its role in cell physiology.

The book describes the transport of solutes across membranes and of carbohydrates in bacterial cells, as well as other processes such as cellular transport of water, amino acid transport in microorganisms, proton transport, and Book Edition: 1. Which of the following is NOT an example of metabolic regulation by a cell.

Cells close all channels in the membrane if no energy sources are needed. Feedback inhibition prevents cells from producing products that are in abundance. Cells use allosteric sites on enzymes to control enzymatic activity. Dietary lipids and metabolic syndrome. MS, also known as syndrome X, or the insulin resistance syndrome, is a combination of medical disorders comprising an array of metabolic risk factors including central obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance[].The worldwide prevalence of MS causes lots of health problems not only in the Cited by: 3.

Malan A () Enzyme regulation, metabolic rate and acid-base state in hibernation. In: Gilles R (ed) Animals and environmental fitness. Pergamon, Oxford, pp –Cited by:   the role of fatty acid oxidation for nspc regulation Not only the buildup, but also the breakdown of lipids has recently gained attention in the field of stem cell research.

The breakdown of lipids occurs via fatty acid oxidation (FAO), mainly in the mitochondria and to a lesser part in the peroxisomes (for very-long-chain fatty acids).Cited by: However, all epidemiological studies, genetic, metabolic and laboratory show that many factors regulation of cholesterol metabolism are involved in the physiopathology of AD.

The most prevalent risk factor identified to date is the Apolipoprotein E4 (Apo-E4), which is a protein carrier of cholesterol, Apo-E exists in the brain and the by: 1.

Current Topics in Cellular Regulation: Volume 25 is a collection of papers that deals with GTP, the central regulator of cellular anabolism, and the quantitative approach to metabolic control., Other papers describe the inactivation and aldolases by limited proteolysis by lysosomal cathepsin M, the regulatory functions of proline, pyrroline The combination of the two components provides sufficient energy for ATP to be made by the multienzyme Complex V of the mitochondrion, more generally known as ATP synthase.

(See Figure 1.). ATP synthase contains a membrane‐spanning domain, sometimes known as the F 0 subunit, and a knobby protrusion that extends into the matrix, the F 1 subunit. The mechanism. The basal metabolic rate, which is the amount of calories required by the body at rest, is determined by two hormones produced by the thyroid gland: thyroxine, also known as tetraiodothyronine or T 4, and triiodothyronine, also known as T 3.

These hormones affect nearly every cell in the body except for the adult brain, uterus, testes, blood. Introduction. One of the surprises in redox biology was the relatively recent appreciation of hydrogen peroxide as a messenger molecule.

It is now widely accepted that this low molecular weight molecule is utilized in metabolic regulation in ways similar to diffusible gases such as NO, CO, or H 2 S. Even more so, H 2 O 2 is recognized as being in the forefront of transcription. Review Article Metabolic Regulation of a Bacterial Cell System with Emphasis on Escherichia coli Metabolism KazuyukiShimizu 1,2 Kyushu Institute of Technology, Fukuoka, Iizuka - Japan Institute of Advanced Bioscience, Keio University, Yamagata, Tsuruoka - Japan Correspondence should be addressed to Kazuyuki Shimizu; [email protected] by: Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with developmental features caused by a genetic deficiency of frataxin, a small, nuclear-encoded mitochondrial protein.

Frataxin deficiency leads to impairment of iron–sulphur cluster synthesis, and consequently, ATP production abnormalities. Based on the involvement of such processes in FRDA, initial Cited by: 1.Perhaps the most relevant sources of regulatory molecules, with respect to enzymatic cellular metabolism, are the products of the cellular metabolic reactions themselves.

In a most efficient and elegant way, cells have evolved to use the products of their own reactions for feedback inhibition of enzyme : Bartee, Lisa, Anderson, Christine.

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